The National Institute for Communicable Diseases declared the start of the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) season in week 7 (week ending 20 February) and the positivity rate has continued to increase through March and April.
Enteric fever includes typhoid fever (an infection caused by Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi) and paratyphoid fever (infections caused by Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serotypes Paratyphi A, B or rarely, C) Paratyphoid fever is clinically indistinguishable from typhoid fever and the diagnosis and clinical management is identical. In South Africa, enteric fever is a notifiable condition with epidemic potential.
Primary aldosteronism (PA), also known as Conn’s syndrome, is common and has a significantly higher cardiovascular risk profile than sex-, age-, and BP-matched patients with essential hypertension. PA is now considered a major public health issue, which requires a concerted effort at case detection through screening, followed by targeted care.