Immune-mediated diabetes is characterized by the presence of circulating specific antibodies against the pancreatic islets such as glutamic acid decarboxylase autoantibodies (GADA), islet antigen-2 autoantibodies (IA-2A), or zinc transporter-8 autoantibodies (ZnT8A).

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) is a chronic progressive disease characterized by autoimmune destruction of the insulin-secreting β-cells within the pancreatic islets. It occurs predominantly in young people and represents approximately 10% of all diabetes cases.

Diabetes Antibodies